There are many ways to apply the law of effect at home, school, work or for personal projects. The law of action could also help neurodivergents develop important skills. The outcome of our actions could determine the likelihood that we repeat that action. So if an action causes a desirable effect, we will probably repeat it. This theory, Edward Thorndike`s law of action, is an essential part of learning. To understand the law of effect, we must first learn why he felt the need to theorize it in the first place. The modern version of the law of action is conveyed by the concept of amplification as found in operant conditioning. The essential idea is that behavior can be changed by its consequences, as Thorndike discovered in his famous experiments with hungry cats in puzzle boxes. The cat was placed in a box that could be opened when the cat pressed a lever or pulled a loop. Thorndike noticed how long it took the cat to break free in the cage during successive attempts. He discovered that during the first attempts, the cat reacted in many ineffective ways, such as scratching the door or ceiling, possibly breaking free with the press, or doing trial and error. With each subsequent attempt, the cat took less and less time on average to escape. Thus, in modern terminology, the correct answer has been reinforced by its consequence, the release of the box.

[7] Thornike`s Law of Action refutes the ideas of George Romanes` book Animal Intelligence and asserts that anecdotal evidence is weak and generally useless. The book claims that animals, like humans, think when faced with a new environment or situation. Instead, Thorndike hypothesized that to understand their physical environment, animals must physically interact with it until a positive result is achieved. This is exemplified in his cat experiment, in which a cat is placed in a shuttle box and eventually learns to escape by interacting with the crate environment. [4] If we understand these basic definitions of operant conditioning, we can see how it is built on the foundations of the law of action. Edward Thorndike`s law of effect states that actions[1] that lead to a positive outcome are more likely to be repeated than actions with a negative outcome. Essentially, the relationship between a stimulus and a response is reinforced by a satisfactory outcome. Initially, Thorndike drew parallels between positive outcomes, which behaviorists called reinforcement, and negative outcomes, called punishments. However, he later claimed that punishment was ineffective in eliminating the link between the behavior and the outcome. Instead, he suggested that behavior was likely to be less predictable after punishment.

Positive reinforcement is the only concept of conditioning that operates most closely to the law of action. The original law of effect, as proposed by Thorndike, consists of two parts: Thorndike`s law of action—which states that behavior followed by a satisfactory outcome is most likely to become an established response to a particular stimulus—should summarize these observations, and it is certainly an inescapable feature of understanding how and why people and others. This principle, which most learning theorists accept as valid, was developed by Edward Lee Thorndike, who provided the basis for the field of operant conditioning. Before Thorndike, many psychologists interested in animal behavior attributed learning to animal thinking. Instead, Thorndike theorized that animals learn through trial and error. When something works to the animal`s satisfaction, the animal makes a link or association between the behavior and the positive outcome. This association forms the basis for subsequent behaviour. If, on the other hand, the animal makes a mistake, no association is formed between the behavior that led to the error and a positive result, so the ineffective behavior is less likely. Several psychological theories, including Skinner`s operant conditioning, have been influenced by Thorndike`s law of action. The act of effect has several applications at work, at home, at school, and in your personal life. Thorndike experimented with animals, especially cats, to observe how quickly they learn to escape from a puzzle cage through trial and error. His experiences led him to postulate the law of action.

In operant conditioning, reinforced behaviors are amplified, while those that are punished are weakened. The law of action clearly had a major influence on the development of behaviorism, which became the dominant school of thought in psychology for much of the 20th century. The law of action postulated by Thorndike states that actions that lead to desirable results are likely to be repeated, while a negative outcome often discourages action. In classical conditioning, the learner is passive and in the law of effect, the learner is active. An American psychologist best known for the theory of the law of action Edward Thorndike says that if our behavior is followed by a positive consequence, we are more likely to repeat that behavior, and if it is followed by a negative consequence, we are less likely to repeat it. An example of the law of effect is drug use. If you use a medicine, you will feel a state of euphoria, which is a positive reinforcement so that you can use this medicine again. Thorndike changed the law in effect in 1932 after finding that both parties were not equally valid. He found that reactions with positive outcomes or rewards always reinforce the association between the situation and the reaction, but reactions with negative outcomes or punishments only slightly weaken the link between the situation and the reaction.

Choosing just one conditioning technique can be intimidating. Each method of conditioning is valid and its effectiveness depends on the person or animal you want to train. In making this distinction, Thorndike had a problem with the concept of classical conditioning. He believed that the learner could play an active role in his conditioning. Classical conditioning first became known in 1897 with Ivan Pavlov and became widely accepted and known by the psychological community when Thorndike began to postulate on the law of effect. where k and Rf0 are constants. Herrnstein proposed that this formula, which he derived from the concordant law he had observed in the studies of simultaneous reinforcement plans, should be considered as a quantification of the law of effect. Although the qualitative law of effect may be a tautology, this quantitative version is not. The law of action is a psychological principle developed by Edward Thorndike in 1898 on the question of behavioral conditioning (not formulated as such at the time) and states that “reactions which produce a satisfactory effect in a particular situation are more likely to recur in that situation, and reactions which produce an unpleasant effect are less likely to recur in that situation”. [1] When learning, the law of effect can explain why people are stressed or avoid certain situations like testing altogether (they have suffered negative consequences).

Edward Thorndike was an American psychologist who worked primarily from the early to mid-1900s. He was heavily involved in psychology groups in the United States and was even president of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1912! While Thorndike is credited with a handful of influential theories, his most important and most famous is the law of effect.