This means that while we value respect, knowledge and respect for the law, we believe that others do not. We also have compliance deficiencies ourselves. Mexico`s democratic system is seriously unbalanced. While the rules for access to power are increasingly approaching what the definitions of democracy require – party system, respect for participation, the possibility of change, etc. – those who determine the way in which power is exercised still present difficulties in ensuring the rule of law that more or less effectively protects citizens against abuses of democracy. Power and violence to ensure fair treatment of all social groups in judicial proceedings and to reduce corruption. One of the biggest obstacles to the development of new rules for the exercise of power is the lack of agreements between the political elites, which threatens the viability and political stability of the country in the medium and long term. The question is what incentives political elites may have to avoid reaching agreements or compromises, even at the cost of such high risks.
The author`s response is that there are certain immediate incentives for political actors that prevent the negotiation of agreements that redefine the exercise of power. The State and the fragmentation of clientelism On the one hand, there has been a process of weakening of the State in recent decades, due both to frequent economic crises and to a series of policies aimed at modernizing State structures and institutions that have remained timid. The result is a state that can no longer – and no longer claims – to act on the basis of the old logic as the main promoter of development and distributor of profits, but which does not have an effective operational structure in all its fields of action. The real problem is not only to have a State that has serious difficulties in its administrative activity, in the field of justice and even in guaranteeing sovereignty over the entire national territory. This means that the state is not able to impose the same rules on all actors in different spheres and spaces of power.