[1] Culture of legality, www.mucd.org.mx/cultura-de-la-legalidad-en-mexico/ There are perspectives that see the culture of legality as a form of submission and conformism to accept what is in laws regardless of the fact that they are imposed by power groups. [ref. needed] These perspectives state that coexistence rules or obligations are important, but that, to be legitimate, they must be agreed directly or in a participatory manner between citizens who commit to abide by these agreements; Therefore, it is described that or laws, even if they are presented as indispensable or legal, because it has no value if they are not legitimate. Those who defend this view consider that disregard for established legality is considered legitimate if it cannot be justified. This is the latest in a series of articles on the Citizen Agenda 2021, Life, Freedom-Truth. We have already mentioned three pillars that make up the agenda: the stability and well-being of family nuclei, the creation of conditions for a healthy life project for young people and the dignity of women. On this occasion, we will be discussing the fourth pillar, which deals with the culture of legality and the rule of law. So, is the culture of legality lived in Mexico? The Culture of Legality Index (LCI) is a tool that allows us to know compliance with the law. This includes three axes: the assessment/appreciation of the culture of legality, the perception of the culture of legality in others, and the practices of the culture of legality in the person [6]. In 2014, the first survey was conducted to measure this index. The results showed that, although there is some satisfaction and appreciation of the culture of legality, the index decreases due to the perception of the culture practices of the legality of others and collapses due to individual practices [7].

This means that while we value respect, knowledge and respect for the law, we believe that others do not. We also have compliance deficiencies ourselves. Mexico`s democratic system is seriously unbalanced. While the rules for access to power are increasingly approaching what the definitions of democracy require – party system, respect for participation, the possibility of change, etc. – those who determine the way in which power is exercised still present difficulties in ensuring the rule of law that more or less effectively protects citizens against abuses of democracy. Power and violence to ensure fair treatment of all social groups in judicial proceedings and to reduce corruption. One of the biggest obstacles to the development of new rules for the exercise of power is the lack of agreements between the political elites, which threatens the viability and political stability of the country in the medium and long term. The question is what incentives political elites may have to avoid reaching agreements or compromises, even at the cost of such high risks.

The author`s response is that there are certain immediate incentives for political actors that prevent the negotiation of agreements that redefine the exercise of power. The State and the fragmentation of clientelism On the one hand, there has been a process of weakening of the State in recent decades, due both to frequent economic crises and to a series of policies aimed at modernizing State structures and institutions that have remained timid. The result is a state that can no longer – and no longer claims – to act on the basis of the old logic as the main promoter of development and distributor of profits, but which does not have an effective operational structure in all its fields of action. The real problem is not only to have a State that has serious difficulties in its administrative activity, in the field of justice and even in guaranteeing sovereignty over the entire national territory. This means that the state is not able to impose the same rules on all actors in different spheres and spaces of power.