The term apostasy is derived from the ancient Greek ἀποστασία from ἀποστάτης, which means “political rebel” as applied in the Hebrew Bible to rebellion against God, his law and the faith of Israel (in Hebrew מרד). Other expressions for apostates, as used by rabbinical scholars, are mumar (מומר, literally “the one who is changed”) and poshea yisrael (פושע ישראל, literally “transgressor of Israel”) or simply kofer (כופר, literally “negationist” and heretical). As early as the 3rd century AD, apostasy was criminalized against the Zoroastrian faith in the Sassanid Empire. High priest Kidir incited pogroms against Jews, Christians, Buddhists and others in order to consolidate the influence of the state religion. [8] Some researchers have tried to classify apostates from MNRs. James T. Richardson proposes a theory that relates to a logical relationship between apostates and whistleblowers, using Bromley`s definitions,[128] in which the former is older than the latter. A person becomes an apostate and then seeks the role of whistleblower, who is then rewarded for that role by groups that come into conflict with the original group of members, such as anti-cult organizations. These organizations continue to cultivate the apostate and try to make him a whistleblower. It also describes how, in this context, allegations of “brainwashing” by apostates aim to increase their families` perception of threats to the well-being of young adults in order to further establish their new role as whistleblowers.

[129] Armand L. Mauss defines true apostates as graduates who have access to opposition organizations that sponsor their careers as such, and who validate retrospective accounts of their past and scandalous experiences in new religions – distinguishing them from whistleblowers or defectors in this context. [130] Donald Richter, a current member of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (FLDS), writes that this may explain the writings of Carolyn Jessop and Flora Jessop, former members of the FLDS Church who always sided with authorities when children from the YFZ ranch were abducted for child abuse. In addition to the works already mentioned, older canonists can be consulted, in particular SCHMALZGRÜBER and REIFFENSTUEL, who in their comments follow the order of the decrees of Book V, Title 9. Since modern canonists no longer treat apostasy under a special heading, they must be consulted when they refer to ordinations and irregularities, the duties of the clerical state, the obligations of religious offenses and punishments, and especially when writing about heresy. See also FERRARIS, Bibliotheca Canonica (Rome, 1889), n.v. Apostasia, BEUGNET, in Dict. de théol. cath (Paris, 1901), AMTHOR, De Apostasia Liber Singularis (Cobourg, 1833), FEJÉR, Jus Ecclesiæ Catholicæ adversus Apostatas (Pesth, 1847); SCHMIDT, Der Austritt aus der Kirche (Leipzig, 1893); SCOTUS PLACENTINUS, De Obligatione Regularis extra regularem domum commorantis, de Apostatis et Fugitivis (Cologne, 1647); THOMASIUS, De Desertione Ordinis Ecclesiastici (Halle, 1707), SCHMID, Apostasia vom Ordenstande (Studien und Mittheilungen aus dem Benediktiner und dem Cistercienser Orden (1886, VII, 29-42). The prophetic writings of Isaiah and Jeremiah provide many examples of defectors of faith found among the Israelites (for example, Isaiah 1:2–4 or Jeremiah 2:19), as do the writings of the prophet Ezekiel (e.g., Ezekiel 16 or 18). Israelite kings were often guilty of apostasy, such as Ahab (1 Kings 16:30-33), Ahaziah (1 Kings 22:51-53), Joram (2 Chronicles 21:6, 10), Ahaz (2 Chronicles 28:1-4), or Amun (2 Chronicles 33:21-23).

Amun`s father, Manasseh, was also an apostate for many years of his long reign, although towards the end of his life he renounced his apostasy (cf. 2 Chronicles 33:1-19). They were framed with vicious ingenuity to leave no chance to escape except in open apostasy. According to some scholars [ how who?], if a Muslim consciously and unconsercedly declares his rejection of Islam and does not change his mind according to the time allotted by a judge for research, then the punishment for apostasy; for men, death, and for women, life imprisonment. [91] [92] However, a judge of the Federal Sharia Court in Pakistan stated: “. The persecution of every citizen of an Islamic state – whether Muslim or dhimmi** – is interpreted as a war against Allah and His messenger. [78] One day, a family member told me, “Be careful. Feminism is the way of apostasy. I mean, I think they weren`t wrong. 🤷🏻 ♀️ Example: The pastor`s sermon condemned apostasy – the problem is that apostates were not there to hear it. Hinduism does not have a “unified belief system coded into a belief or belief”[57], but rather an umbrella term encompassing the plurality of religious phenomena in India.

In general, Hinduism is more tolerant of apostasy than other religions based on a scripture or commandment, with less emphasis on orthodoxy and has a more open view of how a person chooses their faith. [58] Some Hindu sects believe that ethical conversion without violence or reward is perfectly acceptable, although leaving the clan guru is considered a sin (Guru droham). [59] Don`t we have here one of the clearest confessions of total apostasy of faith in the so-called Christian Church? Apostasy (/əˈpɒstəsi/; Greek: ἀποστασία apostasía, “an overflow or revolt”) is the formal demarcation, abandonment or renunciation of a religion by a person. It can also be defined in the broader context of adopting an opinion that contradicts previous religious beliefs. [1] Someone who practices apostasy is called an apostate. Apostasy is called apostasy (or apostasy – also known as apostacization). The term apostasy is used by sociologists to refer to the renunciation and criticism or opposition to a person`s ancient religion in the technical sense without pejorative connotations. Today, the time sentences that were imposed on apostates and heretics cannot be enforced and have fallen into limbo. Spiritual punishments are the same as those that apply to heretics. However, in order to impose these sanctions, in accordance with the general principles of canon law, it is necessary that apostasy be proved in one way or another.

Apostates, along with all those who receive, protect or befriend them, are excommunicated, which is reserved for the Sovereign Pope (Constitution Apostolicæ Sedis, No. 1). They are also deterred from “infamy”,at least when their apostasy is notorious, and are “irregular”; a shame and irregularity that extends to the son and grandson of a renegade father and the son of a renegade mother, if the parents die without being reconciled to the Church [Gratian Decree, distinction L, xxxii; V, Tit. 2, ii, xv of the Sixth Book of Decrees (Friedberg, I, 191, II, 1069 and 1075)]. However, most authors are of the opinion that the irregularity concerns only the children of parents who have joined a particular sect or who have been personally condemned by the ecclesiastical authority [Gasparri, De sacrâ ordinatione (Paris, 1893), II, 288 and 294; Lehmkuhl, Theologia moralis (Freiburg im Breisgau, 1898), II, 725; Wernz, Jus decretalium (Rome, 1899), II, 200; Hollweck, Die kirchlichen Strafgesetze (Mainz, 1899), page 162 Apostates are excluded from ecclesiastical burial (Decrees of Gregory IX, Bk. V, Title 7, viii, Friedberg, II, 779). All their writings, in which they support heresy and schism or work to undermine the foundations of the faith, are on the index, and those who read them take upon themselves the excommunication reserved for the sovereign pope [Constitution of Leo XIII, Officiorum et munerum, January 25, 1897, i, v; Vermeersch, De prohibitione et censurâ librorum (Rome, 1901), 3. Aufl., 57, 112].